The Corinth Canal has a total length of 6.4 km, the two sides of the wall are up to 79m high and quite narrow, in many places only 25m wide. This makes it difficult for large ships to get through.
The Corinthian Canal connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. The canal cuts across the narrow isthmus of Corinth, separating the Peloponnese from mainland Greece.
The idea of the Corinth Canal appeared 2000 years ago. Periander, tyrant of Corinth (602 BC) was the first to decide to dig the Corinth Canal. But because this huge project was beyond the technical capabilities of antiquity, it was not possible.
Dimitrios Poliorkitis, king of Macedon (c. 300 BC), also tried to implement the idea, but his engineers at the time asserted that the two seas, when connected, would flood the Aegean.
Julius Caesar, emperor Hadrian and Caligula pursued this idea but also had to pause. also had to pause to pursue these ideas.
Emperor Nero (67 CE) was the most determined to implement this idea. He ordered 6,000 slaves to perform it but he was killed before the dream was fulfilled.
In 1869, the Greek Parliament granted the Austrian private company Austrian General Etiene Tyrr the exclusive right to build the Corinth Canal, but due to lack of funds, the work was halted after it started on March 29. 1882.
It was not until 1890 that the project was restarted by the Greek company (Andreas Syggros). The project was completed on October 28, 1893. But due to its narrow width, engineers often had to reinforce the cliffs on both sides, so the canal always had time to close periodically.
The canal has helped the ship’s journey between the Aegean and Adriatic seas without having to go around the Peloponnese, shortening about 185 nautical miles.