Laravel is an open source, cross-platform PHP framework that is widely acclaimed by web developers. Laravel is built by the Symfony framework and works on the model-view-controller model. It is appreciated for cutting down the work and allowing developers to do the real work.
In this article, Quantrimang.com will learn with you how to install and set up the Laravel framework on an Ubuntu system.
- Ubuntu Linux based system
- Terminal Access
- User account with sudo privileges.
Note: The commands in this tutorial are executed on Ubuntu 20.04 system. All the methods in the tutorial are valid for any Linux based system.
System updates and upgrades
It is best practice to start any installation with an upgraded and up to date system but that is necessary as Laravel does not work with PHP versions lower than 7.2.
To update and upgrade the system, run the following command.
sudo apt update && apt upgrade -y
To install PHP on the system, run the following apt command.
sudo apt install php
Once the installation is done, check the installed version with the following command.
Now install the PHP extension with the same version using the following command.
sudo apt install php7.4-mbstring php7.4-xml php7.4-zip
Run the following command to install curl if you don’t already have it installed.
sudo apt install curl
You need Composer to manage dependencies in Laravel.
To install Composer, run the following command.
ccurl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
Run the following command with Composer file path to run without sudo privileges.
sudo chown -R $USER /usr/local/bin/composer/
Laravel typically uses the Symfony framework, so it’s best to install it alongside Laravel.
To install Symfony, run the following command.
composer create-project symfony/skeleton testproj
Change to directory testproj and run the following command
run php -S 127.0.0.1:8000 -t public
Open the following link in a browser to verify the installation.
Now that everything is up and running, install Laravel using the following composer command.
composer global require laravel/installer
Add Laravel to the path in the file Bashrc
After installing Laravel, open the .bashrc file.
Then add the following line of code at the end of the file.
Press Ctrl + O and Ctrl + X to save and exit.
Next start running the file bashrc.
Create a new Laravel application
Just run the following command to create an application in Laravel.
laravel new [tên ứng dụng]
Navigate to the application directory and run the following composer command.
cd [name of app] composer install
Now, run the following commands to get the encryption key and access the localhost.
php artisan key:generate --ansi php artisan serve
Note the development server link and open it in the browser.
You can see Laravel in action.