Due to the differences in vocabulary and grammar rules in the language, when learning English, students will often make the mistake of writing basic sentences in English when doing exercises or writing, in lessons. Writing below, Taimienphi.vn summarizes the basic sentence writing errors in English, try to see if you make any of these errors.
The basic sentence writing errors in English
– Harmony between the subject and the verb
– Harmony of tense
– Use articles
– Confusion between subject and object
– Prepositions follow verbs and adjectives
– The position of the adverb in the sentence
– Adjectives and adverbs in comparison sentences
The basic sentence writing errors in English
1. The harmony between the subject (S) and the verb (V)
In English grammar dividing the singular / plural nouns corresponding to the singular / plural verbs that Vietnamese does not have, so lack of harmony between the subject and the verb becomes one of the common errors especially when writing English in learners.
a, Sai: They lives in Ha Noi.
Right: He lives in Ha Noi.
* In the above example, the subject “he” is the singular noun, so the verb following must also be divided in the singular (with the “s / es” extension). In contrast, “they” are plural nouns, verbs must also be in the plural form (stay the same).
b, Sai: The two best things about the party was the food and the music.
Right: The two best things about the party were the food and the music. – The two best things about this party are food and music.
2. The harmony about the tense
English has three basic tenses: past, present and future, which are further divided into 13 different tenses. This causes considerable confusion for the learners, making use errors unreasonable in complex sentences.
Sai: Yesterday, I made a date with my boyfriend and we have dinner together.
Right: Yesterday, I made a date with my boyfriend and we had dinner together. – Yesterday, I went out with my boyfriend and we had dinner together.
* Sentences use the past tense, so all verbs must be in the past tense “made”, “had”.
3. Use articles
The article in English is divided into two categories: the definite article “the” and the unknown article “a / an”. Many students are confused in identifying articles in sentences or not using them.
Sai: I am watching a film Ten Miles of Peach Blossom. I like the main actor of this film.
Right: I am watching the film Ten Miles of Peach Blossom. I like the main actor of this film. – I am watching the film Three Worlds: The Decisive Peach Blossom. I really like the male lead in this movie.
* The mention of the movie is mentioned in the sentence, so it is necessary to use the definite article “the”.
4. Confusion between subject (S) and object (O)
Personal pronouns in English are divided into many different forms. For example, the word “he”, when the subject is used in the sentence, “he” is used, but when the object (O) is used it becomes “him”. Similarly we have S – O pairs of other pronouns: I – me, she – her, they – them.
Sai: He is taller than I
Right: He is taller than me. – He is taller than me.
* In the above example, the pronoun “he” acts as the subject in the sentence, using “he”, while “I” acts as the object, using “me”.
5. Prepositions follow verbs and adjectives
In English, many verbs and adjectives always have a certain preposition accompanying them to form a fixed adjective or verb phrase structure with specific meaning. For example, “look for” means searching, while “look after” means caring and caring.
Sai: She dreams about a singer when growing up.
Right: She dreams of a singer when growing up. – She dreams of becoming a singer when she grows up.
* dream of st means to dream, to dream about st: to dream about something, to dream about something
6. The position of the adverb in the sentence
Adverbs in sentences can be at the beginning of the sentence, the middle of the sentence or at the end of the sentence, depending on the adverb type. Adverbs indicate the time at the beginning or the end of a sentence, adverbs indicate the frequency, level, etc. in the middle of a sentence. When standing in the middle of a sentence, the adverb usually comes before the adjective and after the verb.
a, Sai: He usually is the first person to come to the class.
Right: He is usually the first person to come to the class. – He is often the earliest to arrive in class.
* Note that adverbs of frequency such as “often, usually, always, never …” are just after the verb “be” and right after the subject with regular verbs.
b, Sai: My brother yesterday did not go to school.
Yes: My brother did not go to school yesterday. – My brother did not go to school yesterday.
* Adverbs indicate the beginning or end of sentences.
7. Adjectives and adverbs in comparison sentences
In comparison sentences, adjectives / adverbs (only one syllable) will add the “er” in the comparative and the “est” in the superlative adjectives, while the adjectives / adverbs are long (there are 2 syllables) and more) will add “more” in the front. Mastering the adjective / adverb conversion rule will help you avoid this error. Besides, some adjectives that do not follow the above rule that you need to keep in mind to avoid mistakes.
Sai: He is the most tall person in the show.
Right: He is the tallest person in the show.
Besides, you guys refer to the way Use reminders in English right, right here